What is osteochondrosis really and what to do if your back hurts


In the international classification of diseases, osteochondrosis exists, but its specificity differs significantly from how it is interpreted by some doctors in Ukraine. This is a group of rare diseases associated with a violation of the normal development of bone growth with damage to the centers of ossification in the epiphysis. Typically begins in childhood as a degenerative or necrotic condition. Examples would be Perthes disease, Osgood-Schlatter disease , Scheuermann’s disease .

For treatment, an additional examination (X-ray, MRI), painkillers and other methods are prescribed.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), back pain is one of the most common reasons patients seek medical care. When a patient in Western countries comes with such complaints, doctors use a symptomatic diagnosis – ” back pain ” (simply back pain), in which the maximum preservation of physical activity, therapeutic exercises or non-steroidal pain medications are recommended.

An additional examination is prescribed only when the patient reports relevant symptoms, an example of which is a violation of the sensitivity of the limbs, weakness in the muscles, dysfunction of the pelvic organs, pain at night. Usually these symptoms occur in the presence of a serious pathology of the spine, but they are found in more than 1% of cases. Such pathologies include tumor diseases, fractures, purulent-inflammatory processes, tuberculosis. Back pain can also occur in diseases of the internal organs and not related to the spine (as a disease of the pancreas, kidneys, pelvic organs).

What to do if your back hurts

If you have back pain, first of all we recommend:

  • Stay as mobile as possible and try to continue your daily activities. Prolonged inactivity can worsen the condition
  • Do simple back exercises
  • Take anti-inflammatory pain relievers (after consulting a doctor)

If the pain does not disappear within a month, interferes with daily activities, and worsens over time, the doctor will prescribe additional treatment.

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