Diseases of the spine can occur in both children and the elderly. At the same time, many do not take back pain seriously, do not rush to go to a specialist. Self-medication often only harms, the disease progresses. As a result, a person gets serious complications and sometimes it comes to surgery.
There are a great many diseases, but we will consider those that are found everywhere.
Scoliosis is often formed in children from 7 to 15 years. The spine is bent, which entails pain, disorders of the internal organs. In advanced cases, children are lame or walking sideways.
To treat this ailment, exercise therapy, orthopedic corsets, medication, exercise equipment, manual therapy are prescribed.
With osteochondrosis, changes in the vertebral tissues are more serious than with scoliosis. Damage to the vertebrae, ligaments, joints and intervertebral discs.
Treatment in each case is selected individually, depending on the nature and degree of the disease. It may include: manual, laser, ultrasound therapy, traction treatment, hydromassage under water, magnetostimulation, special diets, etc.
Ankylosing spondylitis is, first of all, a disease of the joints. It is often called ankylosing spondylitis. For its treatment, pharmacological preparations are prescribed – Nimeculide, Hydrocoptisone, Boenzyme, etc.
This disease is the first stage of disc herniation. More often formed in the lumbar region. Symptoms indicate its appearance: muscle weakness, difficulty and heaviness in movement, a feeling of numbness. A sign is pain, increasing during walking and running.
To get rid of this disease, acupuncture, pharmacotherapy, laser treatment, taking vitamins, taking analgesics, etc. are used.
Sciatica is characterized by inflammation of the sciatic nerve. This ailment usually sleeps and reminds of itself a couple of times a year.
Doctors prescribe for sciatica vacuum and manual therapy, acupressure, exercise therapy, as well as analgesics. In difficult cases, surgery is necessary.
The main preventive measures are high activity and proper nutrition. Do not overload your back, wear comfortable shoes, exercise, eat healthy food and problems with the spine will not bother you!