With tissue damage by osteochondrosis, morphological transformations undergo one or more intervertebral discs most of all. The intervertebral discs are elastic pads between the bones of the spine. The task of the intervertebral discs is to soften the pressure and loads, to provide the necessary mobility of the spinal bones in the process of bending or turning the body. The bones of the human body are not able to cope with frequent stresses related to running and walking, lifting heavy things, sports exercises. In this regard, the main part of all the loads and all the pressure falling on the spine is damped due to the softening effect of the intervertebral discs. Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the spine depend on where the disease is localized. In turn, osteochondrosis can occur in the cervical, thoracic or lumbar spine.
Symptoms of cervical spine osteochondrosis
In this region of the spine are blood vessels that saturate the brain with oxygen. In this regard, the symptoms of spinal osteochondrosis in this department are related to a lack of blood supply to the internal organs of the head. Mostly, the blood circulation of the brain suffers .
Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine are:
– persistent headaches and dizziness, which can sometimes lead to fainting;
Unstable blood pressure;
– disorders of the musculoskeletal system and motor coordination of the body
– violation of visual function;
– impaired ability to hear and ringing in the ears;
– destructive processes of teeth;
– hoarseness and weakness of voice;
– snoring during sleep.
In the process of pinching the nerve, numbness occurs, the fingers of the limbs become cold, weakness appears in the muscles.
Nerve compression also causes pain in the neck and throat, pain when touching the skin of the head, toothaches.
Painful sensations can be given to the area of the shoulders and arms, which can subside or become even stronger when turning the head or in a certain position.
Symptoms of thoracic spinal osteochondrosis
In the process of pinching of the nerve endings in the chest area appears intercostal neuralgia, pain in the back or abdomen.
Thoracic spinal osteochondrosis can lead to the development of heart disease, pulmonary and gastric diseases.
It is very important to be able to distinguish intercostal neuralgia from pain in the heart.
Intercostal neuralgia is characterized by sharp and precise pain, the location of which can be easily determined by the person himself. Heart pain spreads throughout the sternum.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine
– pain in the lumbar region;
– disorders of the urination process;
– varicose veins.
Osteochondrosis of the spine of the lumbar region often leads to lumbosacral radiculitis, the main symptom of which is severe severe pain in the lower back, extending to the limb.
If an intervertebral hernia occurs, compression of the nerve of the spinal cord is formed. For this reason, numbness of the extremities, loss of touch, weakening of muscles in the affected area, enuresis and fecal incontinence occur.
Symptoms of osteochondrosis of the spine of a general nature:
– tingling sensation in the arms and legs;
– a feeling of weakness in the limbs;
– difference in girth of two legs or arms;
– constant fatigue, irritability, sleep disorders;
– susceptibility to weather changes;
– pain or discomfort in the joints.