How to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical region, many people know firsthand – the disease is quite common. Women are especially susceptible to it, because, due to the anatomical structure, their shoulder girdle is not as strong as that of men.
Features of cervical osteochondrosis
The neck is a part of the body that is very mobile and is subjected to a considerable load (it constantly keeps the head). At the same time, the size of the vertebrae is much smaller here than in other parts of the spine. In the neck are large vessels that feed the brain, therefore circulatory disorders due to displacement of vertebral structures and infringement of the lumen of blood vessels can lead to dizziness and headaches. In addition, there are many nerve endings, the pinching of which gives a strong painful sensations.
Methods of treatment of cervical osteochondrosis
How to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical? The main methods are the use of medicines, physical therapy, physiotherapy and massage. Each of the methods is applied at different stages of the disease, in combination with the others or in isolation.
Disease treatment most actively carried out with the help of drug therapy, the purpose of which is the relief of inflammation and spasm, pain relief, restoration of blood microcirculation and improvement of cerebral circulation. The main drugs for relieving muscle spasm and treating the inflammatory process are non-steroidal (ibuprofen, diclofenac analgin), muscle relaxants (Mydocalm ) and antispasmodics (papaverine, No-spa). To improve circulation, vasodilators are used (cinnarizine ,Trental). Also assigned vitamins groups B, which improve metabolic processes and are involved in the synthesis of neurotransmitters (Milgamma).
Massage is prescribed in the absence of exacerbation of the disease, or when the state of health improves somewhat after the use of drugs.
Physiotherapy is also used – it is mainly amplipulse therapy and electrophoresis with novocaine on the cervical region.
Exercise therapy and gymnastics is prescribed both in the acute stage in the form of static exercises, and when subsiding. symptoms diseases to strengthen muscles and restore mobility of the cervical region.
Is it possible to treat osteochondrosis of the cervical at home? Of course – yes, but home remedies are best combined with drugs prescribed by a doctor. Means of self-treatment include lying on special applicators, the use of warming rubbing and compresses (with iodine, alcohol, mustard), warm baths with herbs.