The drug Prednisolone is a potent hormonal drug that has a pronounced immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine therapeutic effect. He is also able to increase the effect of taking other means of this therapeutic orientation.
It is up to the attending physician in each individual case to decide which form of prednisolone release to use to treat a child or an adult for allergies, depending on the indications and neglect of the patient’s condition. In this case, according to reviews, the most frequently used pills and injections of this medication.
Today, Prednisolone for Allergy has several different forms of release, namely:
- Tablets for oral administration, which are packaged in blisters of 10 pcs. Children and adults can take them, but only after permission of the doctor.
- Ampoules for intramuscular injections. The dosage of such ampoules is 25 or 50 ml.
- Ointment for external application to the affected skin.
- Drops to eliminate ocular edema.
Prednisolone itself is considered an artificial analogue of substances that are secreted by the adrenal glands of the body. These substances are the hormones cortisone and hydrocortisone. Compared with such hormones, Prednisolone is much more active and helps a person many times faster to cope with the manifestations of an allergic reaction. In addition to the pronounced antihistamine effect, this drug also has anti-shock, anti-inflammatory and anti-toxic therapeutic effects.
Immediately after ingestion, Prednisolone is absorbed fairly quickly and begins to exert its therapeutic effect. In the blood, it can be traced already an hour after admission. Prednisolone can be prescribed for various manifestations of an allergic reaction, which are accompanied by the defeat of various body systems. In addition, each form of release of the drug has its own indications.
Thus, eye drops should be used in such cases:
- Allergic form of acute conjunctivitis, as well as inflammation of the eyelids.
- Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye and the cornea itself.
- Acute inflammation of the eyeball.
- Restoration of normal function of the eye after trauma or surgery.
Prednisolone injections, ointments or tablets are indicated to be prescribed for such patient conditions:
- Bronchial asthma, which arose as a direct consequence of an allergic reaction in the body.
- Various skin manifestations of allergy in the form of a rash, hives, redness or itching. Also, the drug is allowed to apply for allergic eczema and dermatitis.
- Shock condition, accompanied by a sharp decrease in blood pressure.
- Acute form of pancreatitis.
Due to the increased toxicity of Prednisolone, not all patients are allowed to use it. Thus, this drug is not prescribed for advanced forms of hypertension, acute form of endocarditis and recently undergone heavy surgical interventions.
Strict contraindications to the use of this tool are syphilis, the elderly patient, tuberculosis and diabetes mellitus. With caution and only under medical supervision use Prednisolone is necessary for acute infectious diseases and insulin therapy.
In addition, the following groups of patients should be treated with this drug only in a hospital setting:
- People with HIV.
- Patients suffering from severe kidney, heart or liver disease.
- Patient with obesity.
- Patients with acute diseases of the digestive system.
Prednisolone is differently tolerated; if it is not properly administered, it can cause a number of side effects to the patient. Most often, the drug causes an increase in blood pressure, urinary retention and muscle weakness.
On the part of the patient’s gastrointestinal tract, an ulcer may be exacerbated, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite and internal gastric bleeding may occur. On the part of allergic manifestations may increase sweating, the formation of urticaria. Headache, visual disturbances and sleep disturbances may occur in the central nervous system.
Prednisolone for children with allergies: features of the reception
Dosage and duration of treatment Prednisolone is selected for each patient individually, depending on the complexity of the condition and associated diseases. For the treatment of acute conditions and allergic reactions in adults, it is recommended to use 4-6 tablets per day.
- Prednisolone for allergies children need to take 2 tablets per day.
- Solution for intramuscular administration for the treatment of adults should be used in a daily dosage of 200 mg. In severe conditions, the dosage can be increased to 400 ml.
- Prednisone for allergies in children, which is accompanied by bronchial asthma, should be administered 50 mg three times a day. In this case, the condition of the child must be monitored and the appearance of any deterioration immediately contact a doctor.
- Prednisolone in the form of eye drops should be used strictly according to indications. To bury the drug should be three times a day, 1-2 drops. The duration of therapy should not be longer than seven days.
It is necessary to use Prednisolone during pregnancy in the 1st and 2nd trimester only when the expected benefit to the mother will exceed the possible risks to the fetus. This is justified by the fact that this medicine is very toxic and can negatively affect the development of the fetus. Therapy should be conducted exclusively under medical supervision. The standard adult dosage of the drug for a pregnant woman should be halved.
In 3 trimester, the drug is contraindicated, as well as during lactation, since the active substance Prednisolone is able to penetrate into breast milk. In the modern pharmacological market, there are more than a dozen medicinal analogues of Prednisolone, which have similar therapeutic effects.